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About the Nashik City

Nashik or Nasik is a nice city in India's Maharashtra state.

Nashik is in the northwest of Maharashtra, 185 km from Mumbai (Bombay) and 220 km from Pune. Nashik is the administrative headquarters of Nashik District and Nashik Division. The "Wine Capital of India", or the "Grape City", as it is popularly known, the city is located in the Western Ghats, on the western edge of the Deccan peninsula on the banks of the Godavari River. The city is known for its picturesque surroundings and pleasant climate. The Godavari River flows through Nashik from its source, which lies to the west-southwest of the city, in the holy place of Trimbakeshwar.

Nashik is also important mythologically, historically, socially and culturally. Known for the temples on the banks of the Godavari, it has historically been one of the holy sites of the Hindu religion. It is one of the four cities that hosts the massive Sinhastha Kumbh Mela once every twelve years.

Legend dictates that the name "Nashik" is derived from the Hindu epic Ramayana. During the exile of Rama, Shoorpanakha the sister of the demon king Ravana tried to seduce Rama. Angered, Rama ordered Lakshmana to cut off Shoorpanakha's nose (nasika). According to the Ramayana, Sita was abducted by Ravana in the area of Panchavati, in the Western Ghats.

Traditionally Nashik is known for its grapes, and modern efforts are on to promote the growth of an export-oriented wine industry in the district. Nashik is also deemed "the third most industrialised city of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune", mainly due to extensive industrial development in recent times. It is home to an important thermal power plant (Eklahare) and a National Treasury Printing Press (India Security Press at Nashik Road). There are five "Industrial Zones" in the Nashik area and its outskirts (Satpur, Ambad, Sinnar, Igatpuri and Dindori). These estates house corporations like Mahindra and Mahindra, MICO (Bosch), VIP Luggage, Crompton Greaves, GlaxoSmithKline, Graphite India Ltd. (Formerly Carbon Everflow Ltd), Larsen & Toubro, ABB Group, Siemens, Samsonite, Ceat and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. Software companies like Aress Software, WNS,



Nashik is famous for historical & religious places.
North south length is 120 kms
East West length is 200 kms
Total area of the District is 15530 sq kms
Maxium 12% of area is occupied by malegaon Tehsil
Smallest area 3.63% occupied by Peint Tehsil
2nd Smallest Tehsil is Deola occupied space is 3.81%
Rest 12 Talukas occupied 5 to 9 % of the area

Nashik district is having 7 sugar factories out of which 5 sugar factories are run on cooperative basis
Nashik also have 1 cotton mill run on cooperative basis

Nashik District also have following renowned institutions

India Security Press ( ISP)
Currency Note Press (CNP)
Defence Ministries Fighter Plane (MIG) Production Unit HAL ( Hindustan Aeronautics Limited)
Artilary Centre at Deolali
Thermal Power Station
Maharashtra Engineering Research Institute ( MERI )
Maharashtra State Health University
Yashwantrao Chavan Mahrashtra open university ( YCMOU )
Maharashtra Police Academy ( MPA )

Nashik District is located between 18.33 degree and 20.53 degree North latitude and between 73.16 degree and 75.16 degree East Longitude at Northwest part of the Maharashtra state, at 565 meters above mean sea level. The District has great mythological background. Lord Rama lived in Panchvati during his vanvas. Agasti Rushi also stayed in Nashik for Tapasya. The Godavari river originates from Trimbakeshwar in Nashik. One of the 12 Jyotirlingas also at Trimbakeshwar. Nashik has to its credit many well known and towering personalities like Veer Sawarkar, Anant Kanhere, Rev. Tilak, Dadasaheb Potnis, Babubhai Rathi, V.V. Shirwadkar and Vasant Kanetkar just name few. Nashik is also known as Mini Maharashtra, because the climate and soil conditions of Surgana, Peth, Igatpuri resembles with Konkan, Niphad, Sinnar, Dindori, Baglan blocks are like Western Maharashtra and yeola, Nandgaon & Chandwad blocks are like Vidarbha Region. Nashik, Malegaon, Manmad, Igatpuri are some of the big cities situated in the Nashik District.

Resently two talukas are created in the District making the total talukas to 15. Out of 15 blocks in the District, as many as 8 blobks viz Surgana, Peth, Igatpuri, Kalwan, Baglan, Dindori, Trimbakeshwar & Nashik are tribal blocks. The district also identified as tribal by the State Government. Many important rivers of Maharashtra originate in the district. Gdavari which is popularly known as Ganga of South India originatesat holy place Trimbakeshwar. Another major river is Girna. Other rivers are Darna,Mosam, Aram, Vaitarna, Manyad and Kadwa.

Though average rainfall of the District is between 2600 and 3000 mm, there is wide variation in the rainfall received at various blocks. Most of the rainfall is received at various blocks. Most of the rainfall is received from June to September. The maximum temperature in summer is 42.5 degree centigrade and minimum temperature in winter is less than 5.0 degree centigrade. Relative humidity ranges from 43% to 62%. Climate of the Nashik is generally compares with that of Banglore and Pune because of its pleasant nature. However in recent years it is noticed that the temperature I is increasing and the rainfall is decreasing due to industrialization and fast deforestation.

Bajra is important crop of the District. However other crops like wheat, paddy and other cereals are also grown in various parts of the District. Paddy is mainly grown in Tribal belt i.e. Igatpuri, Peth, and Surgana Blocks. Vegetables and Onion were main cash crops for last 30 years. Because of variety of vegetables and its supply to Mumbai, the District was known as Backyard of Mumbai. After establishment of sugar factories, Sugarcane has acquired important position in the agriculture economy of the District. One sugar factory under private sector at Ravalgaon and other sugar factories under co-operative sector at Niphad, Ranwad, Palse, Materewadi and Vithewadi are functioning in the District. Economic development in the rural area with speed started only after establishment of sugar factories. The Government has granted permission for starting four sugar factories under private sector as a result of the liberalisation. One sugar factory in private sector has started functioning in Satana Block (Dwarkadhish) This development was however concentrated around the existing sugar factories. Since last 20 years the grape has acquired dominance on the agricultural economy of District. Due to water shortage in Kalwan, Deola, Baglan and Malegaon blocks the farmers have shifted to Pomegranate from sugar cane and grape crops. Some progressive farmers are cultivating flowers in green houses. These developments also indicate that the farmers in the District adopt new technology and methods of cultivation very fast.

The district has been identified for the purpose of establishment of Wine Park and Food Park.

Climate in the District is also suitable for allied activities such as Dairy, Poultry, and Sheep & Goat rearing. There are two large units of poultry viz. C & M Groups and Ashok Kumar Hatcheries in Nashik. Few years backsome farmers have tried to establish medium sized goat rearing units under stall-fed conditions. However the results are not encouraging. Dairy has been identified as Key activity under S.G.S.Y. in almost all the blocks. The district has unlimited potential for dairy activity. Allied activities have also very good scope, as the gigantic market of Mumbai is at the doorstep of the District.

Since last 6-8 years, industrial development has picked up the speed, particularly after declaration of a five-star mega industrial estate on 2700 ha. Land in Sinnar block. There are 174 medium and large industrial units employing 75,834 people. Many reputed and large companies like Mahindra & Mhindra, MICO, Siemens, Crompton Greves, Kirloskar, Reymond steel, Jindal, Brook Bond, L & T, Ceat, VIP, Carbon Everflow, Garware, Jyoti Structures, Samsonite, Datar Switch Gears, Glaxo India etc. have established their units in the District. Prestigious project IDEM of Mahindra & Mahindra is established in Nashik very recently. Some of the important Public Sector establishments like India Security Press, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd., Currency Note Press and Thermal Power Station etc. are also located in the District. These industries have brought the District on the National & International map. In addition to these industries the District also has national level institutes like (I) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Institute of Rural Technology & Training run by KVIc and (ii) Indian Institute of Numismatic Studies & Research at Trimbakeshwar.

In remote areas like Surgana Block, many tribals are engaged in Carpet weaving. Export quality carpets are prepared in and around Umbarthan (Tal. Surgana) NABARD has selected Yeola Block for Development of Paithani Cluster.Nashik has also witnessed electronic development in the recent times. A software Technology Park (STP) is established in Nashik. The city has already registered many websites.

The Sinhastha Kumbhamela

By far the most spectacular of all the events, the Kumbh Mela is a religious festival that occurs once every 12 years, and is celebrated in four major pilgrim centres around the country. In Maharastra, the festival is held in Trimbakeshwar, Nashik. The Nashik Kumbh Mela is generally acknowledged to be the most sacred of all the festivals.

Why every 12 years?
Amrut had to be saved from Danavas. So Gods had to hide it at different places - Swargalok, Mrutyulok and Patallok. Gods were on Mrutyulok (earth) for twelve days. Gods twelve days are equal to 12 years for Mrutyulok . Thus Gods were on earth for 12 years with Amrut. Hence every 12 years Kumbha Mela is celebrated at the four places, where a few drops of Amrut had fallen.

Where and when?
Kumbha Mela is a mammoth fair where saints and devotees gather. Kumbha Mela is celebrated at the aforesaid four places depending on the positions of planets and stars.

When Jupiter (Guru) and Sun are in zodiac signLeo(Simha Rashi) it is celebrated in Trimbakeshwar, Nashik.
When Sun is in zodiac sign Aries (Mesha Rashi) it is celebrated at Haradwar
When Jupiter is in zodiac sign Taurus (Vrishabha Rashi ) and Sun is in zodiac sign Capricorn (Makar Rashi) Kumbha Mela is celebrated at Prayag
When Guru and Sun are in zodiac sign scorpio (Vrishchik Rashi) the Mela is celebrated at Ujjain.
Recognizing the importance of the Sinhastha Kumbha Mela Shri Shankaracharya appealed the disciples of his Vaidik Dharma to assemble at the time of Sinhastha Kumbha Mela. Following his appeal, till now devotees, pilgrims, and people of various sects and religions gather together for Kumbha Mela.

In Kruta Yuga, Durwas Rishi saw Indra - the King of Gods - sitting on elephant Airawat. Durwas was pleased to see Indra and presented him a chain. However Indra did not accept the present . It fell down and was trodden by elephant Airawat. Durwas Rishi got upset due to this and cursed Indra. As an effect of the curse, all Gods lost their powers and had to often lose a battle against Danavas (Demons). So all Gods including Brahmadeva surrendered themselves to God Vishnu to get back their power. Vishnu suggested them to approach Danavas and persuade them to perform Samudra Manthana (churning of the sea). He said Samudra Manthana will bring out Amruta , which will bring back your power and you will not be efeated by Danavas. So Samudra Manthana was carried out.

One of the many precious things that arose from the depths of the troubled waters was a pot of nectar (Amrit Kumbh). Lord Vishnu, disguising himself as an enchantress ( Mohini), seized the nectar from the demons. While fleeing from the evil ones, Lord Vishnu passed the nectar on to his winged mount, Garuda. The demons finally caught up with Garuda and in the ensuing struggle, a few drops of the precious nectar fell on Allahabad, Nashik, Hardwar and Ujjain. Since then, the Kumbh Mela has been held in all these places, every 12 years.

Another story is that once all the Teerthas went to Adinath Bhagwan Shankara . Following Bhagwan Shankara’s order they had been to Mrutyuloka (earth) to save sinners on earth. Teerthas absolved the sinners on the earth, but were themselves saturated with others’ sins . They requested Bhagwan Shankara to free themselves from sins. Shankara asked them to go and live in solitude for one year at the bank of river Godavari. Shankara promised the Teerthas that he himself, with all other Gods will also stay with them . After taking bath in the sacred water of Godavari, they will be free from the sins.

Hence during the Kumbha Mela a dip in Godavari river has attained a great importance. In Shiva Purana there is a story explaining the importance of Sinhastha Kumbha Mela. Gautama Rishi got salvation of his cow-killing sin from Lord Shankara after a long penance. Then the river Ganges descended down on the earth. After some time she wanted to go back to her home place. However the Rishis and Gods gathered there and requested her to stay back on the earth for the prosperity of the earth. She agreed to stay back only after taking a promise from Lord Shankara that all the Rishis present there and all Gods will stay with her. Then only she will stay back. Gods and Rishis promised her that during the period, when Jupiter and Sun will be in the zodiac sign Leo (Simha Rashi), they will all stay on the earth.

In later years , it is said , acknowledging importance of Kumbha Mela Lord Rama with his Guru Kashyap stayed and lived for one year in Trimbakeshwar. During this period he performed all the religious rites like yatra, shraddha etc near Kushavarta

There are different dwelling places for different sects. They are called “Akhada”. The names of these Akhadas are - Shree Niranjani , Shree Junadatta (Bhairav),Shree Mahanirvani, Shree Atal, Shree Avahana, Shree Anand, Shree Pancha Agni, Shree Nathpanthi Gorakhnath, Shree Vaishnav Bairagi, Shree Udasini Panchayati Bada, Shree Udasini Naya, Shree Nirmal Panchayati etc. They have been established at different times and worship their own deity.

Leaders of the different sects have arrived at a consensus to follow a specific sequence for taking bath. E.g. In Haridwar Mela, Niranjani Gosawi will take bath first and then Nirwani Gosawi will bathe. In Trimbakeshwar, first Niranjani Gosawi will take bath and after they leave Kushawarta Teertha, Nirvani Gosawi will take bath . After them the old Udasee sadhu followed by new Udasee Sadhus will take bath.

The Nashik Kumbh Mela is a mammoth affair with over three and a half million people attending it. Thousands of Sadhus and holy men and millions of pilgrims immerse themselves in the holy Ramkund and Kushavarta reservoirs. The peak festival days are August 14 and 25 and September 8 and 20. During the Kumbha Mela, Nashik City and Trimbakeshwar are in a fantastic festive mood. The festive and religious mood makes people get away from their daily chores and experience the spiritual ecstacy.







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